Primary production of fish is relatively small scale. Most fishing is carried out using small, wooden (plank built) boats some 6-8 m in length, which use sail and oar. Only 15% of the boats are motorized, apart from collection boats used by fish merchants and their agents. Access to the resource does not seem to be a problem facing the fishermen. Their simple boats are sufficient to carry them to and from the fishing grounds with full loads.
Nile Perch, which forms the bulk of the exports and foreign exchange earnings (up to 90% of fish products), has been found to be a perfect substitute for the traditional fish fillets favored by the European market. Other products being exported are whole frozen fish, frozen gutted and headed fish, frozen fillets, chilled fillets and air-dried fish maws. With the beef scare associated with mad-cow disease(BSE), demand for fish in Europe has increased making market potential quite high.
The Uganda fish and fish products have also found a ready market in USA, Australia and HongKong.
A further estimated 50% of harvested fish, often immature fish, are consumed locally or exported to DRC, making the harvest of Nile Perch from the lake around 110,000.